JKKN Musical Instruments
The alu bunyi originated from the activity of pounding rice. The mortar and pestle normally used to pound rice are used to produce an eccentric mix of music. It is popular among the farmers and the local community in Perlis and is usually associated with the harvest festival.
In the Minangkabau community in Negeri Sembilan, is is called “tumbuk kalang” where several players will ‘pound’ the mortar while singing.
The kempul is a new instrument added to the existing gamelan genre.
It is a gong placed hanging on a single rack, at the back of the gamelan. The kempul has a colotomic function.
This is an idiofon made of selected bamboo pipes or tubes and consists of 2 to 4 tubes attached to the bamboo frame. These are carved to have a resonant pitch when struck and are tuned to octaves. It must be adjusted to “Do, Mi, So” either in Major or Minor mode.
The beduk is made of a double-barreled drum with water buffalo leather on the sides. It is is a round-shaped instrument that is elongated lengthwise, and is suspended from a rack and played with a padded mallet. The role of the beduk in the Malay community especially in the Malay Archipelago is non-musical.
Instead, it is an instrument for religious purposes especially in the mosques and surau . Normally the beduk is used to signal prayer time.
This is a small-size gong made of bronze that produces melodious sounds. Each player holds two cak lempung, taking turns to play and create short melodies. Other instruments such as the Seruling Buluh, Salung, Rebana and gong are played together with the cak lempong to accompany dance performances such as Pencak Silat, Candle Dance (Tari Lilin) , Randai and Tari Inai.